A Briefing on Jordan History
A Briefing on Jordan History
Location: Jordan

Thrilling stories on lost cities, overwhelming and surprising sceneries, Lawrence Of Arabia and a diverse but fascinating history -Jordan is connected in many romantic metaphors , but regrettably the name that came out to the Middle East discourages many to visit this area. You should not let this influence you - Jordan is a very pleasant state and very tranquil: The traditional Bedouin hospitality is expressed in each step – starting from the border, the kindness of the policemen to all visitors, the service given by the tourism personnel, up to the last of the residents, that in spite of not dealing with tourism, will welcome you cordially.

Jordan (Arabic: الأردنّ al-'Urdunn), is officially called the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. During its history, Jordan has seen numerous civilizations, including such ancient eastern civilizations as the Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian empires. Jordan was for a time part of Pharaonic Egypt and spawned the native Nabatean civilization which left rich archaeological remains at Petra. Since the seventh century the area has been under Muslim and Arab cultures, with the exception of a brief period when the west of the area formed part of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and for a short time under British rule.

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is a constitutional monarchy with representative government. The reigning monarch is the head of state, the chief executive and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The king exercises his executive authority through the prime minister and the Council of Ministers, or cabinet. The judicial branch is an independent branch of the government.

Jordan is a modern Arab nation. Jordan's population is predominately Muslim with a sizable Christian minority. Jordanian society is mostly urbanized and very ethnically diverse. Jordan is also an industrialized nation. It was classified as an emerging market by the CIA factbook. Jordan has close relations with the west and is a key player in the global political scene. 

Identity card:
The Jordanian Hashemite kingdom
Territory: 89,206 square km
Population: 5.7 million
Capital: Amman
Residents: 98% Arabs, Ts'rksim, Chechens, Armenians, Bedouins
Languages: Arab, English
Religion: 92% Muslims Sunnis, 4% Muslim Shiites, 4% Christians
Administration: Constitutional kingship
Head of state : Crown Abdulla the second
Prime minister : Faisal Alpaiz 

Economic profile:
Local gross product: 26.7 million dollar (2005)
GDP per capita: 4,600 dollar
Annual Growth: 5%
Inflation: 4%
Main branches of industry: mineral, distillation of oil, tourism and agriculture


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